Florida Historical Markers Near Port Orange – Working

This page is dedicated to Florida historical markers near Port Orange Working. There are many historical markers in Florida. This marker in Volusia County is an excellent example.


This Florida Historical Marker is entitled Working , and is located in Port Orange in Volusia County, Florida. The location is 950 Old Sugar Mill Road. Marker can be reached from Old Sugar Mill Road east of Herbert Street, on the left when traveling east.

Inscription on the Marker

The inscription reads:

Working. . The Dunlawton Plantation was no leisure spot. As a frontier agricultural and processing site, it demanded hard, physical, un-glamorous work. Without the labor of African-American slaves and hired free workers, this nineteenth-century venture would not have been possible., In 1850 John Marshall reportedly had 25 slaves producing sugar, and he could have borrowed others from a relative during busy times. Elsewhere, house slaves probably helped Mrs. Marshall at the family home near the Halifax River. Yet most of Dunlawton’s enslaved people labored outdoors and in the sugar factory. They cleared the stubborn land, plowed and planted cane fields, and cut and processed the crop – a continual job once the harvest began.

Even so, Dunlawton’s needs went beyond cane handling, and slaves helped keep the plantation running in many ways. John Marshall also owned a sawmill, for which black workers would have cut timber, rafted logs, and more. To restart the sugar factory, he brought in free craftsmen – but also another planter’s skilled slave. “I have no white carpenter,” Marshall wrote in 1849, “but Mr. Sanchez’ man John is a fine framer and works well.” Labor of all kinds was a constant here., Even Dunlawton’s fields left footprints for many decades. Historian Harold Cardwell (who grew up near the ruins) recalls finding old cane furrows well into the twentieth century., [ Photo ] , Florida farming in the nineteenth century. Clearing land and managing cane fields were basic to the life of a sugar plantation. , Photo courtesy of the Florida Photographic Collection/State Archives., [ Image ] , At work in the Florida woods, John Marshall reported rafting logs from Spruce Creed for his sawmill near the Halifax River. , Detail from a print in the Picturesque America, 1872.

Marker Sponsor and Install Date for Working

Placed by Volusia County and the State of Florida, Department of State, Division of Historical Resources, assisted by the Florida Historical Commission.

Maps & Location Views

Using mapping services from Google, we can show detailed location maps and street views if they are available.

Sometimes you will be able to see the Working Marker in Google Maps. A 360-degree view of the area near the marker is available on the link below. You can see the marker or monument and read it in many cases.

The History of Port Orange

Florida Historical Markers Near Port Orange - Working

More than a century before the Pilgrims set foot at Plymouth Rock, in 1513, Florida began its modern-day history, of which Orlando is a part.

During this period, Florida was still part of the United States Territory and not yet a state; therefore, many Native American tribes occupied land throughout Central Florida, including Seminole Indians who had migrated there from Georgia during the First Seminole War (1817-1818).

In 1838, the U.S. Army built Fort Gatlin south of the present-day Orlando City limits to protect settlers from attacks by Indians during the Second Seminole War. During the Civil War, Orlando’s role included supplying the Confederacy with food, cattle, and horses from the vast plantations in the region.

Today Orlando is recognized as a global tourist attraction and entertainment city

About the Florida Historical Marker Program

One of the most well-known and noticeable public history initiatives of the Division of Historical Resources is the Florida Historical Marker Program. It is intended to increase residents’ and visitors’ enjoyment of Florida’s historic places and to increase public knowledge of the state’s rich cultural past.

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