This page is dedicated to Florida historical markers near the Orlando Lynching of July Perry / Racial Violence in America. There are many historical markers in Florida. This marker is an excellent example.
Lynching of July Perry / Racial Violence in America
This Florida Historical Marker is entitled Lynching of July Perry / Racial Violence in America November 3, 1920, Community Remembrance Project, and is located in Orlando in Florida. The location is 65 East Central Blvd. Marker is at the intersection of East Central Boulevard and Court Avenue, on the right, when traveling west on East Central Boulevard.
Inscription on the Marker
The inscription reads:
Lynching of July Perry, also, Racial Violence in America. November 3, 1920. Lynching of July Perry November 3, 1920. On Election Day, November 3, 1920, black residents in the Ocoee area who owned land and businesses were eager to vote. Despite a terrorizing Ku Klux Klan march through the streets of Orlando three days earlier, Mose Norman and other African Americans attempted to vote. They were turned away. After seeking advice from Orlando Judge John Cheney, Mr. Norman again attempted to vote. Armed white men stationed at the polls immediately assaulted him. He reportedly fled to the home of his friend and business associate, July Perry.
A mob seeking to capture Mr. Perry and Mr. Norman surrounded and burned Mr. Perry’s home. Mr. Norman escaped, but Mr. Perry was severely wounded. He was arrested, taken to Orlando, and locked in the Orange County Jail. The next morning, a lynch mob took Mr. Perry from his cell, brutally beat him, and hanged him within sight of Judge Cheney’s home. His lifeless body was shot repeatedly. Over the next two days, a white mob burned 25 black homes, two black churches, and a Masonic lodge in Ocoee.
Estimates of the total number of black Americans killed during the violence range from six to over 30. Survivors fled, never to return. The entire black community of Ocoee was driven out within a year, forced to abandon or sell land and homes they owned.
The Ocoee Election Day Massacre represents one of the bloodiest days in American political history. July Perry is buried in Orlando’s Greenwood Cemetery—racial Violence in America. Thousands of black people were the victims of lynching and racial violence in the United States between 1877 and 1950. The lynching of African Americans during this era was a form of racial terrorism intended to intimidate black people and enforce racial hierarchy and segregation. Lynching was most prevalent in the South, including Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
After the Civil War, violent resistance to equal rights for African Americans and an ideology of white supremacy led to violent abuse of racial minorities and decades of political, social, and economic exploitation. Lynching became the most public and notorious form of terror and subordination. White mobs were usually permitted to engage in racial terror and brutal violence with impunity. Many black people were pulled out of jails or given over to mobs by law enforcement officials who were legally required to protect them.
Terror lynchings often included burning and mutilation, sometimes in front of crowds numbering in the thousands. In response to this racial terror and violence, millions of black people fled the South and could never return, which deepened the anguish and pain of lynching. Many of the names of lynching victims were not recorded and will never be known, but over 300 documented lynchings occurred in Florida alone. Researchers estimate at least 33 in Orange County , the most lynchings of any county in the state.
Marker Sponsor and Install Date for Lynching of July Perry / Racial Violence in America
Placed by the Equal Justice Initiative.
Installed in 2019.
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The History of Orlando
More than a century before the Pilgrims set foot at Plymouth Rock, in 1513, Florida began its modern-day history, of which Orlando is a part.
During this period, Florida was still part of the United States Territory and not yet a state; therefore, many Native American tribes occupied land throughout Central Florida, including Seminole Indians who had migrated there from Georgia during the First Seminole War (1817-1818).
In 1838, the U.S. Army built Fort Gatlin south of the present-day Orlando City limits to protect settlers from attacks by Indians during the Second Seminole War. During the Civil War, Orlando’s role included supplying the Confederacy with food, cattle, and horses from the vast plantations in the region.
Today Orlando is recognized as a global tourist attraction and entertainment city
About the Florida Historical Marker Program
One of the most well-known and noticeable public history initiatives of the Division of Historical Resources is the Florida Historical Marker Program. It is intended to increase residents’ and visitors’ enjoyment of Florida’s historic places and to increase public knowledge of the state’s rich cultural past.
About Floridamarkers.com & Florida Historical Markers Near Orlando Lynching of July Perry / Racial Violence in America
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